The Collectanea Studiorum et Textuum includes monographs, dissertations, study and lexicon volumes that do not or only partially contain Roman research results; as well as aims at revealing sources related to Hungary and Vienna by the issue of data depositories and manuals along with source publications. It can be ordered at: email@example.com
PÉTER TUSOR, The letters of György Lippay, bishop of Veszprém, Eger and archbishop of Esztergom to Hungarian aristocrats and nobles (1635–1665) (CST I/1), Budapest 2015. liv + pp. 544 + 9 suppl. (facsimiles, map)
The volume that is a completion of a former collection of sources was provided with professional note apparatus, redacted and published as a supplement of the original Impetus-program. It contains altogether 448 letters that were written by György Lippay either as the Hungarian court chancellor of Vienna (1635–1642) or as the primate of Hungary (1642–1666) to the Palatines, to the Judges of the Royal Court, to the district captain-generals, etc. These allow an insight into the details of the dual exercise of power shared by the orders and the monarch in the middle third of the 17th century.
In addition, they illustrate through what kind of transmissions the governance of the country took place from the centre in Vienna, what the role of the leaders of the ecclesiastical order was in it and how their relation to the leaders of the “status saecularis” was. It is also presented what were the difficulties and pitfalls of the operation of this complex system (particularly as regards the fluctuating relationship of the primate and the Palatine, the two poles of the orders). The techniques that were used for ensuring the operability and making occasionally quick and efficient decisions can be learnt from them as well. Furthermore, the process of disintegration of the system that was formed at the beginning of the 17th century and was consolidated under the archbishoprics of Péter Pázmány – in which besides the Palatine the archbishop of Esztergom as the primate of Hungary played an unavoidable role in the governing of the Kingdom –, took place in the 1650–1660s and caused by the forming Habsburg absolutism, can be followed up.
The letters written as chancellor or primate contain essential information about the imperial court. As regards government history we can find a lot of important data on the role of the Hungarian governing bodies, the Hungarian Court Chancery, the Chamber of Pozsony and there are hints at the Hungarian Council in them. The preparation of the Diets is also an often recurring theme. From the numerous documents concerning the policy towards Transylvania can be outlined that Lippay despite all his efforts did not manage to replace Pázmány in the relations with György Rákóczy I.
Along with the political and government history aspects the military history dimension of the volume is also determining. In the source-material the ecclesiastical subject is actually secondary. The letters reveal the Hungarian prelate’s extremely diverse and complex system of social relations starting out from the contacts of legal and representational nature deriving from his social and official role to his relations of personal, friendly nature or to those of right the opposite. From these documents besides the historical role and relations of their writer we can also ascertain personal data and curiosities about him.
Krisztina Tóth: The History of the Diocese of Szombathely under the Church Governance of József Grősz (1936–1944), (CST I/2), Budapest 2015. 336 p. + 4 suppl. (photos)
The book discusses a so far unknown chapter of the 20th century history of the diocese of Szombathely, when József Grősz headed it (from 1936 to 1939 as an apostolic administrator, from 1939 to 1943 as a diocesan and from 1943 to 1944 again as an apostolic administrator). It continues the A szombathelyi egyházmegye története [The history of the diocese of Szombathely] edited in three volumes by the priest historian Gyula Géfin between 1929 and 1935. It has a double importance. On the one hand, it offers a model for writing the history of a diocese based on the principles of the Benedictine monk Tihamér Vanyó adjusting them to the peculiarities of the age. The author presents the background of the appointments of the ordinary, the administration of the diocese, the tasks of the clergy, the role of the religious orders, the Catholic education, the apostolate of the laity and the spiritual movements. On the other hand it offers a glance into the former career of József Grősz, who stood three times on the head of the Bench of Bishops in the absence of the primate, Cardinal József Mindszenty, delineating his principles as regards Church governing.
The writer used a great variety of sources: she conducted research in 13 archives – among them in the Vatican Archives – and 1 manuscript collection. An appendix (source publication, maps and charts), four full page photos and a longer English summary provided with footnotes belong to the volume. It is recommended for all of those who are interested in the history of the diocese or search for additions to the relations of the Holy See and Hungary.
JÓZSEF TÖRÖK– PÉTER TUSOR–KRISZTINA TÓTH (ed.): Catholicism in Hungary in the age of the II Vatican Council. Studies and Inventory, (CST II/1), Budapest 2015. pp. 436 + 2 suppl. (photos)
The volume published for the 50th anniversary of the closure of the Second Vatican Council was born within the framework of cooperation with the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences. After the foreword of József Török and Péter Tusor the first part of the book contains studies that approach the Council and its reception from a new point of view, while its second part reveals the results of the considerable collection of data conducted as part of the mentioned cooperation.
The series of studies begins with the paper of Máté Gárdonyi, who gives a general overview about the searching for way of the theology in the socialist society according to the teachings of the Second Vatican Council. Balázs Rétfalvi deals with the participation of Sándor Kovács Bishop of Szombathely at the council primarily on the basis of the rich source material kept in the Diocesan Archives of Szombathely. György Sági examines the career of Pál Brezanóczy with particular regards to his participation at the Second Vatican Council. Krisztina Tóth publishes the account written by Sándor Károly Klempa O.Praem to the clergy of his diocese that presents the events through the eyes of a participant.
The volume not only concentrates on the concrete participation at the Council, but it also gives a glimpse about the possibilities of realisation of its ideas and deliberations within the narrow frames that stood up by the communist authorities. Accordingly, Miklós Jávor examines an aspect of the official hierarchy, the Catholic and Protestant „peace organisations” and „peace activity” in the Kádár era. Péter Beke details the activity of the State Office for Church Affairs in Szolnok County in the 1970s. Finally, Bernát Benyhe presents the role of the Bokor community.
The Inventory-part of the book starts with the essay of Krisztina Tóth, who outlines the planning of exploration work, the followed method and the perspectives of the research. This study is followed by the chart about the legacy of the Council Fathers living in Hungary compiled by the research group. It serves as an excellent orientation point for the historians who deal with this subject. The volume contains also an Index of names and places and English summaries.
Scheda Descrittiva dei padri conciliari ungheresi
Krisztina Tóth, Documents of the Hungarian Council Fathers in Hungarian Archives. Lessons and perspectives of a teamwork, Il concilio Vaticano II alla luce degli archivi dei padri conciliari (a cura di Philippe Chenaux), Roma 2015, 253–269.